The so-called Beneš decrees were Presidential ordinance after
the II. World War in Czechoslovakia. The Germans were expelled
from their Czechoslovakia and stripped ethnic Hungarians of
their citizenship and civil rights, confiscated their property
based on some of the Presidential decrees in 1945. The Center
for Legal Analyse-Kalligram Foundation examines the Benes
decrees from two viewpoint:
- Interaction with the European Law and the Amsterdam Treaty
- Current impact on the Slovak legal system and on the Hungarian
Analyses on the so-called Hungarian and Slovak Status Law
CLA has finished analyses on one of the most recent and problematic
issue in the relationship between Slovakia and Hungary, the
so-called status law. In the analyses the CLA-Kalligram compares
the Slovak status law since 1997 and the newly passed status
law of Hungary.
Legislation and Usage of the Land
The comprehensive analysis is examining the recent level of
the agricultural legislation, the usage of the land and the
state of the legislation preparation of the Slovak agriculture
to the European Union.
Policy in Slovakia
Analysis to compare the three existing law to use the language
of the minorities in Slovakia: the Act on State Language since
1995, Act on the Usage of the Minority Languages since 1999
and the European Charter for Regional and Minority Languages
ratified by the Slovak Parliament in June 2001.
The Minority Report will focus on the legal policy of the
Slovak government and parliament regarding minorities.
The main aim of the report is to present a clear picture of
the legal status of minorities through enhancing cooperation
between the various national minority experts of Slovakia
by drawing minority experts, lawyers and Slovakian
NGO representatives together. The report will be widely
publicized among international and domestic experts
as well as offer to public.
Basic Treaty (Monitoring and Impact Evaluation)
The aim of the research project is to monitor and make impact
evaluation on the Slovak-Hungarian Basic Treaty. As the European
Union and the Venice Commission (The European Commission for
Democracy through Law) stated in the case of the so-called
status law of Hungary, the highest level of minority protection
are bilateral treaties. One of the examples of such treaties
in practice is the Slovak-Hungarian Basic Treaty aiming to
protect minorities and develope minority standards in Slovakia
and Hungary signed by Prime Ministers of Slovakia and Hungary
in Paris, 1995.
Slovak-Hungarian Legal Dictionary
Recently there is no proper Slovak-Hungarian legal dictionary
available to the public. This is a major obstacle in exercising
theirlanguage rights. A top-quality Slovak-Hungarian legal
dictionary is crucial for the implementation of the Law on
the Use of Minority Languages, a law regarded as one of Slovakia's
most important democratic milestones. CLA-Kalligram since
1999 has been working on new Slovak-Hungarian Legal Dictionary.
Legislation in Slovakia
Newly proposed anti-discrimination legislation is prepared
under the auspices of the Deputy Prime Minister of the Slovak
Republic for Human Rights, Minorities and Regional Development
by the Section of Human Rights and Minorities in cooperation
with Center for Legal Analyses-Kalligram Foundation.
Discrimination in U.S., Europe and Former Czechoslovakia
Analyses to introduce into the practices of affirmative
action of US, positive action in Europe and positive discrimination
in communist Czechoslovakia in order to frame the possibility
of possible concept to take positive action on disadvantaged
groups in Slovakia.
of the Minority Culture in Slovakia
CLA has elaborated a material on the financing of minority
culture in Slovakia. The aim of the analysis is to draw up
a possible structure of the financing of minority culture
in Slovakia. The main objective is to find a structure that
would guarantee a stable flow of financing into minority culture
as much independent of the political priorities of the government
of the Slovak Constitution
Comparative analysis on the new amendments of the Slovak
Constitution passed by the Slovak parliament in May 2001 and
the old Constitution. The three parts of the material analyzing
the amendments of the Slovak Constitution from the viewpoint
of the main changes: The
Consitutional Court, The
Supreme Audit Office and the Reform of the Public Administration. These changes were
neccessary in order to meet the requirements of the EU.
The Public administration reform (the so-called decentralization)
is one of the most important issues to empower democracy in
Slovakia by reforming the public administration in 8 regions
of Slovakia. The analyses made by in cooperation with MESA
10 is outlining the most important element of the reform
and try to offer a viewpoint of minorities to the reform.