Networking policy
    Kalligram Foundation

On-going projects

The Beneš Decrees
The so-called Beneš decrees were Presidential ordinance after the II. World War in Czechoslovakia. The Germans were expelled from their Czechoslovakia and stripped ethnic Hungarians of their citizenship and civil rights, confiscated their property based on some of the Presidential decrees in 1945. The Center for Legal Analyse-Kalligram Foundation examines the Benes decrees from two viewpoint:

  • Interaction with the European Law and the Amsterdam Treaty
  • Current impact on the Slovak legal system and on the Hungarian minority

Comparative Analyses on the so-called Hungarian and Slovak Status Law
CLA has finished analyses on one of the most recent and problematic issue in the relationship between Slovakia and Hungary, the so-called status law. In the analyses the CLA-Kalligram compares the Slovak status law since 1997 and the newly passed status law of Hungary.


Agricultural Legislation and Usage of the Land
The comprehensive analysis is examining the recent level of the agricultural legislation, the usage of the land and the state of the legislation preparation of the Slovak agriculture to the European Union.


Language Policy in Slovakia
Analysis to compare the three existing law to use the language of the minorities in Slovakia: the Act on State Language since 1995, Act on the Usage of the Minority Languages since 1999 and the European Charter for Regional and Minority Languages ratified by the Slovak Parliament in June 2001.


Minority Report
The Minority Report will focus on the legal policy of the Slovak government and parliament regarding minorities.   The main aim of the report is to present a clear picture of the legal status of minorities through   enhancing cooperation between the various national minority experts of Slovakia by drawing minority experts, lawyers and   Slovakian NGO representatives together.   The report will be widely publicized   among international and domestic experts as well as offer to public.


Slovak-Hungarian Basic Treaty (Monitoring and Impact Evaluation)
The aim of the research project is to monitor and make impact evaluation on the Slovak-Hungarian Basic Treaty. As the European Union and the Venice Commission (The European Commission for Democracy through Law) stated in the case of the so-called status law of Hungary, the highest level of minority protection are bilateral treaties. One of the examples of such treaties in practice is the Slovak-Hungarian Basic Treaty aiming to protect minorities and develope minority standards in Slovakia and Hungary signed by Prime Ministers of Slovakia and Hungary in Paris, 1995.


Slovak-Hungarian Legal Dictionary
Recently there is no proper Slovak-Hungarian legal dictionary available to the public. This is a major obstacle in exercising theirlanguage rights. A top-quality Slovak-Hungarian legal dictionary is crucial for the implementation of the Law on the Use of Minority Languages, a law regarded as one of Slovakia's most important democratic milestones. CLA-Kalligram since 1999 has been working on new Slovak-Hungarian Legal Dictionary.



Completed projects

Anti-Discrimination Legislation in Slovakia
Newly proposed anti-discrimination legislation is prepared under the auspices of the Deputy Prime Minister of the Slovak Republic for Human Rights, Minorities and Regional Development by the Section of Human Rights and Minorities in cooperation with Center for Legal Analyses-Kalligram Foundation.


Positive Discrimination in U.S., Europe and Former Czechoslovakia
Analyses to introduce into the practices of affirmative action of US, positive action in Europe and positive discrimination in communist Czechoslovakia in order to frame the possibility of possible concept to take positive action on disadvantaged groups in Slovakia.


Financing of the Minority Culture in Slovakia
CLA has elaborated a material on the financing of minority culture in Slovakia. The aim of the analysis is to draw up a possible structure of the financing of minority culture in Slovakia. The main objective is to find a structure that would guarantee a stable flow of financing into minority culture as much independent of the political priorities of the government as possible.


Amendments of the Slovak Constitution
Comparative analysis on the new amendments of the Slovak Constitution passed by the Slovak parliament in May 2001 and the old Constitution. The three parts of the material analyzing the amendments of the Slovak Constitution from the viewpoint of the main changes: The Consitutional Court, The Supreme Audit Office and the Reform of the Public Administration. These changes were neccessary in order to meet the requirements of the EU.


Public Administration Reform
The Public administration reform (the so-called decentralization) is one of the most important issues to empower democracy in Slovakia by reforming the public administration in 8 regions of Slovakia. The analyses made by in cooperation with MESA 10 is outlining the most important element of the reform and try to offer a viewpoint of minorities to the reform.

The Center for Legal Analyses is grateful for the support of the Ford Foundation